We have prepared a complete guide to all the varieties of Marijuana seeds that we can find in the market.
These are the varieties we are going to talk about:
- Indica (marijuana strains)
- Sativa (marijuana strains)
- White (marijuana strains)
- Haze (Marijuana strains)
- Blue (marijuana strains)
Indica (marijuana strains)
For a long time, cannabis Indicates has been considered a subspecies of cannabis Sativa. But we cannot categorically affirm that this is true, as some schools of thought argue to the contrary, that the subspecies is cannabis Sativa and the species is Indica.
The reality is that it is not known with certainty which of the two varieties emerged first, defining the species and subspecies. We can deduce, from the name, that it was the Sativa that defined the species, however, this circumstance can only be due to the fact that it was the Sativas that were found and classified first.
Origin: Variety of Indica marijuana
Originally, Indica cannabis comes from Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and the Indian subcontinent, particularly from the Himalayan and Hindu Kush areas. The arid and inhospitable environment of these places made Cannabis Indica will adapt naturally to the environment, thus developing the characteristics that define it: leafy and short, wide finger-shaped leaves, bushy buds, all of them are ways of conserving water. On the other hand, Indicas are prone to flower relatively quicklyThis is a natural way to protect against the sudden onset of very harsh winters.
Qualities: Indica marijuana strain
The natural qualities of cannabis Indica make it an ideal strain to exploit in the grow room.
- They are good for growers novatos and unstable environments due to its strong and resistant nature.
- Their squat shape allows them to be kept in small spaces.
- The flowering time of the Indicas is relatively short, around eight weeks normally, this makes them perfect for growers in a hurry to be harvested.
- On the other hand, Indicas also have the habit of forming a central “kola” * which, together with what we have just mentioned, makes them easy to handle and suitable for SOG crops.
As in all species, not all Indicas follow exactly the same standard and there may be variations, but in general, true Indicas conform to the letter to the letter. It is possible that the most authentic Indicas, or at least the most typical, are the Kush varieties, whose roots come from Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, specifically, from the Hindu Kush areas.
Aromas of musk, hashish, earthy and spicy are the ones most associated with the Indica species for smoking. Cannabis Indica buds have a higher amount of CBD in relation to THC than cannabis Sativa, therefore when smoking, the feeling is much more narcotic, heavy and sleepy. The old saying that “Sativa lifts you up and Indica makes you sleepy” is true.
By means of modern hybridization and genetic improvement techniques, it is easy for breeders to exploit plants in order to obtain the desired characteristics. Indicas “Landrace” – or pure varieties – are often used in breeding programs in conjunction with other Indica dominant strains, to create hybrids to which they pass on their short stature and fast flowering qualities.
White Rhino- Green House, Kaia Kush-Green House, OG Kush-Dinafem and Skunk Kush-Seni Seeds are the most popular pure Indica (or strongly dominant) varieties.
Cannabis Sativa (marijuana strains)
Cannabis Sativa originates in the tropical and equatorial areas of the world, particularly in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South and Central America. The defining characteristics of Cannabis Sativa are as follows:
- Christmas tree style growth pattern
- Tall stature (usually over three meters), with long internodal lengths.
- Thin leaves reminiscent of long, light green fingers.
- Multiple production zones of little tight and fine buds.
These traits have been developed by Sativas to adapt to the environment. In humid regions with lots of sunlight, plants compete with each other fiercely, thus, each plant tends to grow tall and strong to avoid being overshadowed.
Sativa strains take longer to flower than Indica strains, sometimes exceeding thirteen weeks. This trait arises from an adaptation to long, tropical growing seasons. Due to their characteristics, Sativas may need a lot of attention in the grow room. Their size is sometimes a problem, and they can be very thirsty for nutrients, which transforms into incredibly fast growth.
Sativa varieties grow perfectly outdoors, in hot climates, with a lot of space they can stretch their leaves and branches to the maximum. Sudden changes in the environment, especially changes in temperature, affect them greatly, however, Cannabis Sativa can produce spectacular harvests under the right conditions.
Possibly, growing cannabis Sativa is not as easy or fast as growing Indica strains, but Sativa has a great advantage over Indica: the effects. Typical Sativa effects are not sleepy at all, but rather euphoric and uplifting.. Many smokers are exclusively Sativa users and can go a long way to achieve that unique state.
The aromas of the Sativa species that are smoked are clean and fruity with hints of pine or fresh lemon. Normally the smoke itself is less strong than that of the Indica species and is also gentler on the lungs and throat.
The most exploited of Sativa varieties in genetic improvement programs are their flavors and psychoactive qualities. They are normally hybridized with Indicas to make their size more manageable for the modern grow room.
Jack Herer Green House, Santa Sativa, and Mexican Sativa are some of the pure Sativa strains available today.
White (marijuana strains)
The term “White” for cannabis strains is generic, it was coined to refer to certain strains of cannabis that, in light, seem to glow. The buds of the White cannabis strains – and often also the leaves – possess this particular and remarkable quality, they are covered by cobwebs of thick trichomes that produce a huge amount of sparkling THC resin crystals.
White cannabis strains they are very powerful for containing high levels of THC and other cannabinoids, that is why its seeds are the best-selling in the world. The effects of cannabis White can be very different – from intense and heavy to happy and smiling.-, but they all have in common that they are always powerful. White Widow it is probably the best known of the White cannabis strains.
This is one of the most popular strains available and used comprehensively for the genetic improvement of many hybrids, since it passes that characteristic white glow to its offspring, as is the case with Misty Weed, White Rhino and White Russian.
In any case, to be called cannabis White it is not necessary to have a direct relationship with the White WidowIn fact, other strains like Crystal and High Times Cup winner White Smurf could be classified as cannabis Wite.
Las variedades más populares son las siguientes: White Widow-Green House, Great White Shark-Green House, White Widow-Dinafem y White Lemon-Strain Hunters.
Cannabis Haze (Marijuana strains)
Haze cannabis strains are native to Central America. The pure strains (Landrace) of this area are known for their bittersweet aroma and the uplifting and joyful effect that provide the consumer.
True Haze are purely Sativa and can be excessively tall. If you want to successfully grow a Haze indoors and want it to grow fully, you need a big grow room. The buds are quite light and the harvest can be poor for such a large plant, however this is compensated by its exceptional power.
Cannabis Haze provides unique effects that have become a cult object. Haze lovers can go a long way to reproduce the magnificent traits of this species. Even the High Life Cup has a special “Haze” cup that is awarded each year to the best Haze variety grown.
Haze: A highly prized variety
Generally, the variety that meets all the Haze qualities is considered the winner of the High Life Cup. La Neville’s HazeFor example, bred to contain the best of the Haze species, it has undergone a lengthy selection and hybridization process in which the best properties are selected from a set of Haze phenotypes.
Original Haze is also a highly regarded strain. Although it may not seem like it from its name, it has been crossed with Sativas from Asia. Original Haze embodies that Haze high and upbeat high and won the 2008 High Life Cup.
Of the Haze available today, Greenhouse supplies some of the best varieties and the amount of trophies it accumulates confirms this.
You can’t talk about the Haze strain without mentioning Arjan’s Haze 2, Super Silver Haze, and Super Lemon Haze. These three “pumps” are downright popular and very good examples of what can be achieved with great old school genetics and modern breeding techniques. It combines the wonderful effects of the Haze species with a greater and more powerful production.
Cannabis Blue (marijuana strains)
Any cannabis strain that contains blueberries in its genetic heritage belongs to the “Blue Cannabis” species. In the late seventies, Dutch Passion developed the original Blueberry, which has won many cups High Times.
Blueberry cannabis is one of the main Indica varieties, its leaves are dark and tend to take on violet and blue tones. Although its production is slightly lower than the average in other varieties, it contains high levels of THC (almost 20%), producing a powerful and euphoric high that seems more typical of Sativa and not so much of an Indica, despite the size of the plant.
Probably the most remarkable quality of the Blueberry variety is its characteristic fruity and strong aroma at the same time, and its flavor, reminiscent of blueberry.
Aroma, potency and coloration are the three qualities that breeders look for when they cross and hybridize the Blueberry variety to create Blue marijuana.
Many Blue varieties such as Blue Mystic, Kushberry and Blue Cheese pull more towards the Indicas side, providing the intense effects typical of this species. While varieties such as SoGouda, Crimea Blue and Blue Haze are more similar to Sativas, providing much more uplifting effects, more in line with the original Blueberry variety.
Blue Thai-Dinafem and Blue Cheese-Dinafem are the two most popular varieties.
Marijuana varieties: summary
We hope you found this brief summary of the marijuana seed varieties interesting.